Saturday, May 4, 2019

What is the Diabetes Diet Plan?

What is the Diabetes Diet Plan?

A diet plan for diabetes is a guide that tells you what types of foods to eat and in what quantity during meals and as snacks. A good eating plan should conform to your schedule and eating habits. Some resources for planning meals include the Dish method, counting carbohydrates and the glycemic index. The proper diet plan helps you better control your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol, in addition to maintaining the proper weight. If you must lose weight or maintain your current weight, your eating plan can help.

People with diabetes should pay particular attention to make sure there is a balance between their food, insulin, and oral medications, and exercise, to help control their glucose level. This sounds like a lot of work, but your doctor or nutritionist can help you create a meal plan that is right for you. When you make good decisions regarding food, your overall health will improve and you can even prevent complications such as heart disease and certain types of cancer.

There are many ways to help you follow your diabetes diet plan. Some of them are the Dish method or counting carbohydrates. These two methods of planning meals are different, but we hope one of them is right for you.

What is a healthy diet?

Healthy eating is a way of eating that reduces the risk of complications such as heart attacks and strokes. Healthy eating includes eating a wide variety of foods, including:
  • vegetables
  • whole grains
  • fruit
  • non-fat dairy products
  • menestras
  • lean meats
  • poultry
  • fish

There is no perfect food, so to include a variety of different foods and look at the size of the portions is key to healthy eating. Also, make sure that your selections from each food group offer the highest quality of nutrients you can find. In other words, choose foods rich in vitamins, minerals, and fiber instead of processed ones.


Meal plans should consider the amount of calories children need to grow. In general, three small meals and three snacks a day can help meet caloric needs. Many children with type 2 diabetes are overweight. The goal should be to reach a healthy weight by consuming healthy foods and doing more activity (60 minutes each day). Work with a certified nutritionist to design a meal plan for your child. A certified nutritionist is an expert in food and nutrition.

The following tips can help your child stay on track:

No food is prohibited. Knowing how different foods affect your child's blood sugar helps you and him maintain blood sugar levels in the expected range. Help your child learn how much food is a healthy amount. This is called portion control. Try to gradually change your family from sodas and other sugary drinks, such as sports drinks and juices, to drinking water or low-fat milk. When you have type 2 diabetes, taking the time to plan your meals helps a lot in controlling your blood sugar and weight.


Your main goal is to keep your blood sugar (glucose) level within an expected range. To help control your blood sugar level, follow a meal plan that has:

Food of all groups
  • Fewer calories
  • Approximately the same amount of carbohydrates at each meal and snack
  • Healthy Fats

Along with healthy eating, you can help keep your blood sugar in the expected range while having a healthy weight. People with type 2 diabetes are often overweight or obese. Losing even 10 pounds (about 4.5 kilograms) can help you better control your diabetes. Eating healthy and staying active (for example, 60 full minutes of walking or other activity per day) can help you achieve and maintain your goal of weight loss.


Carbohydrates in food provide energy to the body. You have to consume carbohydrates to maintain your energy. However, carbohydrates also increase your blood sugar higher and faster than other types of foods.

The main types of carbohydrates are sugars, starches, and fiber. Learn what foods have carbohydrates. This will help with meal planning so you can keep your blood sugar in the expected range. The body can not break down and absorb all carbohydrates. Foods with undigested carbohydrates or fiber are less likely to increase your blood sugar level above the level you want to maintain. These foods include beans and whole grains.


Everyone has individual needs. Work with your doctor, certified dietitian, or diabetes educator to develop a meal plan that works for you.

When shopping, read food labels to make better choices. A good way to make sure you get all the nutrients you need during meals is to use the dish method. It is a visual food guide that will help you choose the best types and adequate amounts of the food you eat. It stimulates the consumption of large portions of vegetables without starch (half of the dish) and moderate portions of protein (one-fourth of the dish) and starch (one-fourth of the dish). You can find more information about the dish method on the American Diabetes Association's website.

PROTEIN FOOD (5 to 6½ ounces or 140 to 184 grams per day)

Foods with protein include meat, poultry, seafood, eggs, beans and peas, nuts, seeds, and processed soy foods. Eat fish and birds more often. Remove chicken skin and turkey. Select lean cuts of beef, veal, pork or wild animals. Trim all visible fat from the meat. Bake, broil, cook on the grill, boil instead of frying. When frying proteins, use healthy oils such as olive oil.

DAIRY PRODUCTS (3 cups or 245 grams per day)

Choose low-fat dairy products. Keep in mind that milk, yogurt, and other dairy products have natural sugar even when they do not contain added sugar. Keep this in mind when planning meals to stay in the desired blood sugar range. Some non-fat dairy products have a lot of added sugar. Be sure to read the label.

OILS / FATS (no more than 7 teaspoons or 35 milliliters a day)

Oils are not considered a group of foods, but they have nutrients that help the body stay healthy. Oils are different from fats since the former remain liquid at room temperature. The fats remain solid at room temperature. Reduce the intake of fatty foods, especially those rich in saturated fats, such as hamburgers, fried foods, bacon, and butter.

Instead, choose foods that are high in polyunsaturated or monounsaturated fats. These include fish, nuts and vegetable oils. Oils can raise blood sugar, but not as fast as starch. Oils are also rich in calories. Try not to use more than the recommended daily limit of 7 teaspoons (35 milliliters).

VEGETABLES (2½ to 3 cups or 450 to 550 grams per day)

Choose fresh or frozen vegetables without added sauces, fat or salt. Non-starchy vegetables include dark green and deep yellow vegetables, such as cucumber, spinach, broccoli, romaine lettuce, cabbage, Swiss chard, and peppers. Starchy vegetables include corn, peas, beans, carrots, yams, and taro. Take into account that the potato should be considered as pure starch, like white bread and white rice, instead of as a vegetable.

FRUITS (1½ to 2 cups or 240 to 320 grams per day)

Choose fresh, frozen, canned fruits (without added sugar or syrup) or unsweetened nuts. Try apples, bananas, berries, cherries, fruit cocktail, grapes, melon, oranges, peaches, pears, papaya, pineapple, and raisins. Drink juices that are 100% fruit without added sweeteners or syrups.

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